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The various exhibits in the Natural Science Museum provide a wealth of information to both casual visitors as well as the ardent students of science. Children and adults alike would find the expositions extremely informative and educational.
Founded in the year 1960, the Natural Science Museum features the geology, flora and fauna of the Black Sea and the coastal regions along the shores. The exhibition is categorized into three different sections, namely Geology, Vegetation and Animal world.
The geological section deals with the formation and structure of the Earth. The vegetation and animal world sections feature exhibits that explain the development of life of Earth, the Mesozoic and Tertiary fossils, the species of the flora along the Black Sea coast and the longoz or swamp forest, types of vegetation and the animal life in the region.
Exposition on Geology
A total of 4250 caves have been found in Bulgaria until the present. Carbonate rocks cover a great part of the region in Bulgaria. There are 3 sandstone caves and 60 volcanic rock caves. The longest caves are Duhlata (which runs a length of 17,500m) Orlova Čuka which is 13,437m long and Iagodinska Peštera which is 8,250m long. The deepest caves are Raychovata Dupka Cave which reaches 372m below the ground and Barki & Kipilovo N14 which both go to a depth of 350m below the ground. Due to successful exploration by Bulgarian cave explorers, discovery of new caves is a constantly occurring phenomenon. Exhibits featuring this information are on display in the geological section of the museum.
Exposition on Flora
The vegetation of Bulgaria is agrarian and cultivated. The typical steppe grassland zone of the Dobrudja is found in the northeast. It slowly merges into the wooded steppe of the Danubian tableland. Broadleaf forests cover the Balkan Mountains at low altitudes while needle-leaf conifers cover them at higher altitudes. The vegetation species totals about 12,400 in this region. The vegetation found in the Thracian Plain is a fine mixture of the middle-latitude forest of the north and the flora found in the Mediterranean. The endemic species on the Balkan Peninsula number 285 and the Bulgarian endemics number a total of 270 species.
Exposition on Fauna
A great variety of species inhabits the Bulgarian landscape. In the woods one can find Wild boar and Roe deer, while in Dobrudja the Bustards, Steppe Polecat, Skachashta mishka and hamsters are found. The Danubian plain is the habitat of the Brown Hare, Wolf, European souslik, Field mouse, Partridge, Quail, Sinya garga and the Rook. In the rocky regions the Rock Partridge Chukar, Haidushka garga and in the Dzhendema reserve the Wild goat and sometimes rarely bears are found.
The Danubian swamps and islands are the habitats of Dalmation Pelican, Lopatarka, Glossy ibis, many species of Herons and Pygmy cormorant. Some species build their nests only in the Srebuma reserve. Salamander, Hazel grouse and Dormouse can be found in the beech forests of Stara Planina. Red deer, Roe Deer and the Badger are found in the oak forests. The Orizishtna mishka, Ring-necked pheasant and the Thracian rock partridge inhabit the Thracian region. The Pink pelican, the Great cormorant, Recurvirostra avocetta, Black-necked stilt and Sea-gulls can be found along the Black Sea. The rivers, the lakes and the dams are inhabited by carp, sturgeon, perch, Spined loach, Balcan trout, pike, Sheat-fish and Ernys orbicularis.
Getting to the museum
The Natural Science Museum in Varna is located in the Sea Garden of this beautiful coastal city, just in 10 minutes from the city center.
The Natural Science Museum is opened from 10 am till 5 pm every day except Mondays in summer and Saturdays & Sundays during the winter season.
Address: Sea Garden, Varna
Phones: (+359 52) 228 194